NEW PENITENTIARY CENTER ELS PLANS CP-500
LOCATION TÀRREGA, LLEIDA, SPAIN DEVELOPER DEPARTAMENT DE JUSTÍCIA – GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA — GISA AREA PLOT 39,21 HA; BUILT PERIMETER 310 X 310 M; ENCLOSURE 96.000 M2; BUILDING 69.066 M2; INTERIOR OPEN SPACES 53.089 M2; EXTERNAL ROADS AND PARKING 70.501 M2 BUDGET 141.678.400EUR YEARS 2006-2012, ONGOING
The project for Els Plans Penitentiary is based on a new penitentiary model for Catalonia that stresses care and attention to the specific characteristics of its setting, avoiding excessive ground occupation and unnecessary dispersion of construction, while minimizing environmental impact.
This new penitentiary of 500 cells is placed on an extensive agricultural site outside the town of Tàrrega, some 100 km west of Barcelona. The position of this building of 300×300 m, on a high plateau between a major highway and a territorial fault line running on the north side, is very exposed. Our proposal of rotating the ensemble 45º aims at reducing the vision of its long dimension from the road or from the landscape behind. Furthermore, the building has a low profile of only 2 floors, closely following the topography of the site, minimizing groundwork and its visual presence.
The organization of the complex program is based on a cloistral scheme similar to that of Cistercian monasteries. It organizes all the diverse functions of the facility using a concatenation of open spaces as articulators of the ensemble. The different volumes of the buildings are brought together under a single undulating roof that reproduces the surrounding soft hills in the landscape. All the buildings are built with prefabricated components and industrialized solutions: concrete structure and concrete façades of different textures and shades, with inclusion of ceramic parts. Only the roof is a light deck finished in aluminum of different shades, as a glimmering surface above the landscape partially landscaped as a xerogarden.
TEAM UTE: EMBA-COMERÓN; ENRIC MASSIP-BOSCH, LLUÍS-XAVIER COMERÓN (PRINCIPALS); MARC RIFÀ, GLÒRIA ANDRÉS (PROJECT DIRECTORS); MONTSE GALINDO, KARMELE REKONDO, JAUME PRAT, ESTEVE SOLÀ, CARLOS CACHÓN, RITA PINTO, MARIA DURAN, LAURA GÓMEZ, MARTA MARCET (ARCHITECTS); MEGAN ELEANOR CHARNLEY, LAURA RODERA, MIGUEL ORELLANA, RODRIGO VARGAS (ARCHITECTURE STUDENTS) CONSULTANTS XAVIER AUMEDES-AUMEDES DAP (QUANTITY SURVEYORS); IDOM INGENIERÍA Y SISTEMAS (ROAD AND FACILITY ENGINEERING); MANUEL ARGUIJO Y ASOCIADOS (STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING)